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Table of Contents >> 8.1 Timber Products << 8.2 Nontimber Forest Products >> 8.3 Maple Sugaring



Nontimber forest products (NTFPs) are part of a functioning ecosystem and may be vulnerable to overharvesting.

NTFPs are products from the forest that don't involve harvesting trees. They include nuts and seeds, berries, mushrooms, oils, foliage, and medicinal plants. People collect them for a variety of reasons. These activities connect people to the land, increase understanding of woodland ecology, and provide products for home use or for sale.

A complete list of all NTFPs is too lengthy for this chapter. About 2,000 plants grow in the state that have value as NTFPs, if not for home use or market potential, then for education and study. Table 1 lists examples of NTFPs found in New Hampshire.


To increase knowledge and awareness of nontimber forest products and avoid overharvesting.


Table 1. Examples of Nontimber Forest Products



Examples of Species in NH Forests


  • medicinal extractions
  • baskets
  • slippery elm (Ulmus rubra)
  • birch (Betula spp.)
  • black ash (wood strips)

berries and wild fruit

  • wine
  • jams and preserves
  • sauces
  • cider
  • apples (Malus spp.)
  • wild blackberry (Rubus spp.)
  • blueberry (Vaccinium spp.)
  • red and black raspberry (Rubus spp.)
  • currants and gooseberries (Ribes spp.)

cones and seeds

  • floral and wreath arrangements
  • fire starters
  • wildflower seed mixes
  • white pine (Pinus strobus)
  • red spruce (Picea rubens)
  • balsam fir (Abies balsamea)
  • eastern hemlock (Tsuga canadensis)
  • switchgrass (Panicum virgatum)
  • creeping red fescue (Festuca rubra)

forest botanicals

  • herbs and spices
  • edible greens, roots or tubers
  • medicinal plants
  • red raspberry leaves
  • rose hips (Rosa spp.)
  • dandelion (Taraxacum officinale)

greenery, transplants, and floral products

  • decoration
  • crafts
  • landscaping
  • balsam fir (Abies balsamea)
  • winterberry holly (Ilex verticillata)
  • grape (Vitis spp.)
  • dogwoods (Cornus spp.)
  • cinnamon fern (Osmunda cinnamomea)
  • various wildflowers


  • food
  • blackberries and raspberries (Rubus spp.)
  • blueberries (Vaccinium spp.)
  • American basswood (Tilia americana)
  • black locust (Robinia pseudoacacia)
  • asters (Aster spp.)
  • goldenrod (Solidago spp.)
  • clover (Melilotus spp.)
  • red maple (Acer rubrum)


  • food
  • medicine
  • black trumpet (Craterellus fallax)
  • chantarelle (Cantharellus cibarius)
  • hen of the woods (Grifolia frondosa)
  • oyster mushroom (Pleurotus ostreatus)
  • shiitakes (Lentinus edodes)
  • birch conk (Piptoporus betulinus)
  • chaga (Inonotus obliquus)
  • tinder conk (Fomes fomentarius)


  • food
  • shagbark hickory (Carya ovata)
  • hazelnuts (Corylus americana and C. cornuta)
  • beechnut (Fagus grandiflora)
  • butternut (Juglans cinerea)
  • black walnuts (Juglans nigra)

spruce gum

  • medicine
  • gum
  • patching birch bark canoes
  • red, white and black spruce (Picea rubens, P. glauca, P. mariana)



1.2 Setting Objectives; 2.1 New Hampshire Forest Types; 2.2 Forest Structure; 4.2 Wetlands; 4.3 Forest Management in Riparian Areas; 6.5 Permanent Openings; 6.6 Temporary Openings Created by Forest Management.


Cercone, M., and W. D. Lilley. Balsam Fir Tip Gathering. Bulletin #7011. University of Maine Cooperative Extension. http://www.umext.maine.edu/onlinepubs/htmpubs/7011.htm Accessed March 9, 2010.

Kays, J., and J. Drohan. 2004. Forest Landowner’s Guide to Evaluating and Choosing a Natural Resource-Based Enterprise. NRAES-151. NRAES Cooperative Extension.102 p.

Lilley W. D., and V. J. Holmes. Growing a Continuous Supply of Balsam Fir Wreath Brush. Bulletin # 7089. University of Maine Cooperative Extension. http://www.umext.maine.edu/onlinepubs/htmpubs/7089.htm Accessed March 9, 2010.

Louv, R. 2005. Last Child in the Woods: Saving Our Children From Nature-Deficit Disorder. Algonquin Books of Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, N.C. 336 p.

Monthey, R., and E. and A. Angevine. Integrating Production of Non-timber Forest Products with Timber Management. USDA For. Serv. NA—State & Private Forestry. http://www.na.fs.fed.us/stewardship/pubs/docs/080915_non%20timber%20article.pdf Accessed March 9, 2010.

RSA 217-A. 1987. New Hampshire Native Plant Protection Act. http://www.gencourt.state.nh.us/rsa/html/XIX/217-A/217-A-mrg.htm Accessed May 27, 2010.

Seymour, T. 2002. Foraging New England: Finding, Identifying, and Preparing Edible Wild Foods and Medicinal Plants from Maine to Connecticut. The Globe Pequot Press, Guilford, Conn. 208 p.

Reichenbach, M., J. Krantz, and K. Preece. Non-timber Forest Products and Implications for Forest Managers. http://www.extension.umn.edu/specializations/environment/ntfp.html#Accessed June 9, 2010.

8.1 Timber Products << 8.2 Nontimber Forest Products >> 8.3 Maple Sugaring

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