Grows best in rich, moist soils in full sun to part shade. This plant is a biennial, which means it will die after producing seed in the second year. Early spring plantings are most successful. Tamp the seeds in moist potting mix in flats or trays, and just barely cover potting mix. Seeds need light germinate, as well as fluctuating temperatures between hot and cold. Move the trays outside where they will get the necessary temperature changes. After 21 days, bring the trays indoors for germinating. Transplant seedlings when they are 3-4” tall or direct sow, spacing plants 12-24” apart in rows that are 36” apart.
Seeds can be directly sowed in the garden. Refrigerate for four to six weeks, then sow seeds ¼” deep, 10 seeds per foot. Thin seedlings to 12-24 inches apart in each direction.
Leaves and stalks are best used when they are young and tender. Seeds should be collected in late summer or early fall when ripe.
Angelica is a biennial plant that grows 3-7’ tall. Its large chartreuse leaves with inflated stem bases make a bold statement in the modern herb garden or flower border. The roots, leaves, seeds and young stems are the edible portions, and have a flavor similar to licorice. The leaves can be mixed into salads, the shoots used as celery or turned into candy, and the leaves, seeds, and roots can be used for making tea.
Planting Depth: ¼ inch
Soil Temperature: 50-60℉
Germination: 30 days
Plant Spacing: 12-24 inches
Row Spacing: 36 inches
Maturity: 80-90 days (flowers in second year)
Soil: Rich, well-drained, moist loam
Growing Habit: Upright biennial
Sun: Full sun to part shade
Fruit Size: N/A
Angelica has been used for culinary and medicinal purposes for hundreds of years. It was used as early as the beginning of the 17th century in traditional medicine.
Connection to Extension
Angelica is one of the heirloom seeds offered by Strawbery Banke Museum through our free seed for education program.
This planting guide was created through partnership among Strawbery Banke Museum, New Hampshire School & Youth Garden Network, New Hampshire Master Gardener Alumni Association and UNH Extension Master Gardeners.