Major New Hampshire Species and Their Uses

maple leaf and log


Sugar Maple Wood is heavy, strong and takes stain and polish well. Products: furniture, flooring, woodenware, toys, syrup.

Red Maple Medium density wood Products: furniture parts, containers, pallets

Yellow Birch Medium density wood with attractive color and grain Products: furniture, cabinets, veneer, woodenware

White Birch  Less dense than yellow birch, turns well Products: turnings, woodenware, spools, tongue depressors

Beech Wood is heavy and strong, machines well Products: furniture parts, containers, handles, pallets, clothes pins

Red Oak Heavy strong wood, machines well, attractive “open” grain Products: furniture, flooring, cabinets, millwork, woodenware

White Ash Strong wood with excellent bending and shock resistant properties Products: furniture, tool handles, bats, oars, snowshoes, millwork, baskets

Aspen (poplar) A soft, light wood Products: turnings, papers, pallets, lath


White Pine Wood is light, soft, easily worked, takes paint and stain Products: Millwork, cabinets, furniture, toys, paper, siding, paneling

Spruce Light weight, soft, strong for its weight, stiff Products: construction lumber, paper

Balsam Fir Soft, light wood Products: construction lumber, paper

Hemlock Wood is coarse, moderately heavy and strong Products: construction lumber, pallet, paper

Download the Resource for the complete fact sheet and a printable version.