5 Ways Communities can Protect Wildlife in a Changing Climate [factsheet]

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5 Ways Communities can Protect Wildlife in a Changing Climate

# 1 Make connections

Protect areas for habitat expansion and connect habitats via travel corridors, such as streams, that will allow wildlife to migrate as climate changes.

#2 Include climate adaptation in town documents

Incorporate climate change factors into town documents, such as natural resources inventories, conservation plans, master plan chapters, hazard mitigation plans, etc.

#3 Reconnect the watershed

Remove barriers to flow like dams and undersized culverts to restore aquatic connectivity (also reduces flood damage!).

#4 Restore & manage habitat with climate in mind

Develop and implement restoration and management plans that support wildlife resilience (it will be good for people too!).

#5 Keep an eye out for invasives in your community

These species are expected to increase with climate change, and monitoring and managing them will become even more important.


There are many more actions that communities can take to help wildlife in a changing climate. Read below and visit takingactionforwildlife.org for more information.


The Issue

Climate change is resulting in:

  • Rising temperatures
  • Less snow in winter
  • Shifting seasonality and phenology (i.e., the timing of seasonal changes, such as flowering, emergence of insects, migration of birds)
  • Increased frequency of heavy rain events and storms
  • Increased risk of drought and fire
  • Changing habitat distribution and species composition
  • Increasing invasive species, pests, and diseases
  • Rising seas and acidification in coastal/marine systems

The Goal

To permanently protect a network of connected and biologically intact sites representing the full diversity of physical and biological features

Climate Resilience: The ability of a species, habitat, or ecosystem to adjust to an environmental disturbance caused by climate change by evolving, taking advantage of local opportunities, or relocating to more suitable habitat.

Recommended Actions


  • Learn about the expected impacts of climate change on the species and ecosystems
  • Explore data related to climate impacts and conservation
  • Learn about common invasive species, how to identify them, and how to control them
  • Raise awareness about the benefits of conservation and restoration to build ecosystem resilience


  • Consider local ordinances to protect buffers for wildlife and encourage smart floodplain management
  • Promote permanent conservation of important wildlife habitats in your community, especially areas that will connect already protected lands
  • Use available data to inform conservation prioritization in your community
  • Incorporate climate impacts and adaptation strategies into forest management plans


  • Protect riparian and shoreland buffers which provide vital refuges and migration corridors for wildlife species, and can protect humans and infrastructure from flooding impacts as well.
  • Support municipal efforts to address barriers to stream flow (e.g., dam removal, culvert replacement) to restore connectivity for wildlife and adapt to increased precipitation
  • Organize invasive species management days in your community
  • Plant trees in your community to provide habitat benefits as well as human benefits (i.e., reducing the urban ‘heat island’ effect and promoting carbon sequestration)
  • Put informative signs on public lands about the impacts of climate change on wildlife and natural resources
  • Encourage school groups and residents to take part in citizen science efforts to track climate impacts
  • Raise awareness about the projected impacts of ticks and mosquitos on wildlife populations

Get Help & Learn More


Climate Adaptation Program Manager
Climate Adaptation Program Manager
Phone: 603-862-2356
Office: NH Sea Grant Extension, New England Center 214B, 15 Strafford Ave, Durham, NH 03824

Natural Resources & Land Conservation State Specialist
Full Extension State Specialist AOE
Phone: 603-862-1067
Office: Cooperative Extension, Nesmith Hall Rm 220, Durham, NH 03824